Allemannsretten - the freedom to roam in Norway
What is allemannsretten?
Allemannsretten (meaning "everyman's right") is a law that allows everyone to roam free on uncultivated land in Norway. Cultivated land means privately owned land, meadows, pastures, gardens, building plots, and industrial sites. In a practical sense, this means that you are free to responsibly hike, camp and enjoy the fresh air in forests, mountains, and coastal areas, which make up the majority of Norwegian nature.
Are there any limitations to the allemannsretten?
While allemannsretten gives you a lot of freedom, it is important to note the following:
- Respect nature - do not leave any rubbish in nature and do not disturb the wildlife. Leave nature the way you wish to find it.
- You can hike and camp in uncultivated areas without the consent of the inhabitants as long as you do not disturb them and keep at least 150 meters away from the inhabitants' property. If you want to camp in the same place for more than 2 days, you must get permission from the inhabitants. This does not apply when you camp in the mountains and remote areas.
- Campfires in and near forests are prohibited between the 15th of April and to 15th of September. However, it may be allowed in places where the fire hazard is very unlikely. Please remember that you are legally responsible for ensuring a safe campfire.
- Fishing in saltwater by land and small boats is allowed without a license as long as this is for your personal use. Hunting and fishing in freshwater are not part of allemannsretten. Hunting and fishing in freshwater areas, such as rivers and lakes, are only possible with the permission of the landowner and those with a license for hunting and fishing, respectively. Foraging mushrooms, berries, herbs and wildflowers is generally allowed. In Northern Norway, cloudberries can only be picked if eaten on the spot where you picked them.
By respecting nature, the animals, and the local inhabitants, we can together ensure that everyone has the chance to enjoy the outdoors. Have a pleasant trip!
Norsk Friluftsliv - https://www.norskfriluftsliv.no/hva-er-allemannsretten/